Shergotty Mars Meteorite
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This is a piece of a very rare space traveller. Erupted as basalt on the surface of Mars around 175 million years ago, a meteorite impact around 2.6 million years ago blasted pieces of the ancient volcanic rock into space, which eventually fell to Earth in India in 1865. It wasn’t until chemical analyses in the 1980s by the NASA Voyager program that confirmed Shergotty’s Martian origin. Continuing research into Shergotty has played an essential role in our understanding of the red planet.